renewable energy with PV-Modules in India
Situation in rural Rwanda
In Rwanda's rural areas families cook on traditional open fireplaces with firewood. Women have to collect wood from the nearby forests. The laborious procurement of wood costs a lot of energy and time. Despite numerous reforestation measures, deforestation is progressing. The distances to obtain firewood are getting longer every day and the trees cannot grow back fast enough to meet the increasing demand. In addition, the open fireplaces bear many risks. Women and children suffer severe burns and health damage from the smoke. The pathogens transmitted in the contaminated water are an additional health burden.
The organization Rural Development Interdiocesan Service (RDIS), a partner organization of Bread for the World, supports the local communities in promoting sustainable development. By building 6,000 stoves and distributing 6,000 water filters, RDIS aims to counteract the aspects described above.
On site: climate protection and clean drinking water
In the southern province of Rwanda, the local population produces and distributes energy-efficient cookers. The climate protection project is aimed at the poorest households. Among them are women and children who suffer from indoor air pollution and spend a lot of time and effort collecting firewood.
Additionally the families receive water filters. Thus, the project not only reduces CO2, but also guarantees access to clean drinking water. The filters reduce the pathogens and the quality of water is significantly improved. Since the water filters substitute boiling of the water, further emissions are saved at this point. However, these are not included in the calculated emission savings, as they are difficult to determine. Nevertheless, the energy-efficient cooking units also contribute to better health. Families no longer suffer from heavy smoke indoors and respiratory diseases are less common.
Advantages of energy-efficient cookers
With the energy-efficient cookers, the families consume about 45 percent less firewood or charcoal compared to conventional fireplaces. The lower wood requirement counteracts deforestation and shortens the time needed to find wood. The higher efficiency saves up to 23.5 percent of cooking time. This enables people to turn to other activities. In addition, the energy-efficient cooking units reduce the amount of smoke produced as well as health risks to the respiratory tract and eyes.
The local population is involved throughout the project cycle. From production and distribution to training, installation, maintenance and monitoring of the stoves. The resulting jobs a reliable source of income.
Donatha from Shyogwe received a new stove and reports about her experience:
"When I cook, I just put a piece of wood in the stove and do my household chores such as sowing seeds on my land, cleaning my property, providing grass for my cattle, and sometimes I even manage to go to church to practice with the choir and come back when the beans are cooked and ready to eat. I have found that using the stoves makes my kitchen cleaner because there is not much ash, smoke and dust when cooking. In addition, the amount of firewood needed is remarkably reduced. Previously, a bundle of wood was only available for one week, but now we use it for three weeks!
February 2020: Successful on-site inspection of the cooking units
In February 2020, the technical expert David Lubanga and senior advisor Sarah Kihuguru, and others, inspected the energy-efficient cookers.. Among other things, the project management, the functionality and thesatisfaction of the users were scrutinized. The cookers passed in all points.
The Rural Environment and Development Society (REDS) was registered in 1996 as a Non Profit Organization with its main objective being the promotion of wellbeing in the local communities. The activities of REDS include rural development, sustainable agriculture, upholding children’s rights and the fight of human trafficking and also to enable other Community-Based-Organizations I the use of available natural resources. The organization supports projects that facilitate sustainable development. As an active member of diverse district and state networks, REDS cooperates with others to represent the public opinion, interests and to lobby for their people in these networks.